Is Melchisedec the Holy Spirit?

Updated: Oct 7

Written by: Christopher Sernaque


How is Melchisedec the Holy Spirit and not the Father or Jesus?


There are numerous references in the Scripture that indicate that Melchisedec is an eternal being. (Hebrews 5:6, Hebrews 6:20, Hebrews 7:3, 8, 17, 21) Likewise, there are multiple characteristics of Melchisedec listed that indicate that He is not, and could not be, an ordinary human being. (Hebrews 7:3, 4, 6) These two facts taken together indicate that Melchisedec is none other than a member of the Godhead, as only God is both “great” and eternal. “Behold, God is great, and we know him not, neither can the number of his years be searched out.” (Job 36:26) In the first Pilate’s Interview podcast episode, Pastor Bill Hughes made it very clear that the Scriptures indicate that Melchisedec is an eternal Being, thus one of the members of the Godhead. So, there can be no further confusion as to which of the members of the Godhead Melchisedec is, I am writing this additional material.

How do we Know that Melchisedec is not God the Father?

The Bible makes it abundantly clear that God the Father has never been seen by any sinful mortal human being. “Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.” (John 6:46) While Moses was permitted to see the “back parts” of God, God made it clear to Moses, “Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.” (Exodus 33:20, 23) There are numerous other Scriptures that testify of the same fact: There is not one sinful human being who has seen God the Father. (John 6:46; Exodus 33:20; Deuteronomy 4:12; Matthew 11:27; Luke 10:22; Colossians 1:15; 1Timothy 1:17; 1Timothy 6:16; 1 John 4:12, 1 John 4:20) With this in mind, we realize that it is impossible for Melchisedec to be a manifestation of God the Father, as Melchisedec and Abraham, who was still known as Abram at the time, met one another face to face. (Genesis 14: 17-20)

How do we Know that Melchisedec is not God the Son or Christ Jesus?

The Bible plainly states that Jesus Christ was a priest of the order of Melchisedec. (Hebrews 7:15-21) This is not to say that Christ is Melchisedec, rather that Christ is a priest of the same “arrangement” or “succession.” (Strong’s G5010) Christ cannot be Melchisedec as Christ is not a “successor” to Himself, He is Himself! Furthermore, the Apostle Paul makes it clear in Hebrews 7:3, that Melchisedec is “without Mother.” Christ could not be Melchisedec as numerous passages of Scripture make it clear, that while He is God, Mary is His earthly Mother. (Matthew 1:18, Matthew 2:11, Matthew 13:55, Luke 2:34, John 19:25, Acts 1:14) As Dr. Jonathan Sarfati said, “The Holy Spirit probably generated a male sperm to fertilize one of Mary's ova. It was essential that Jesus was physically descended from Mary so He could be our Kinsman-Redeemer.” (Ruth 3:9, Hebrews 2:11) Finally, Melchisedec is said to be without descent, pedigree, or genealogy. (Hebrews 7:6) Christ’s genealogy is clearly outlined in Matthew and Luke. (Matthew 1:1-17, Luke 3:23-38) For these three reasons, we find that Melchisedec is not God the Son or Christ Jesus.

Melchisedec: The Intercession of the Holy Spirit

When most Seventh-day Adventists think about the work of intercession they think of Christ Jesus in the Most Holy Place of the Heavenly Sanctuary interceding for His people. (Hebrews 8:1-2) They are not wrong to think that. Christ Jesus is indeed interceding for His people. “Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.” (Romans 8:34)

In the self-same chapter, the Apostle Paul also outlines the intercessory work of the Holy Spirit saying, “The Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.” (Romans 8:26-27) In other words, just as we have “the man Christ Jesus” interceding for us we have to “consider how great this man” Melchisedec, or the Holy Spirit, is for interceding for us. (1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 7:4) We should offer praise and thanks for this great intercession and forgiveness to Christ Jesus and the Holy Spirit.

Praying to the Third Person of the Godhead, Melchisedec, the Holy Spirit

The Bible commands us to pray to the Holy Spirit, as the Holy Spirit is the Divine Third Person of the Godhead. I am going to list two Scriptures to prove this point, as the Bible requires at least two witnesses. (2 Corinthians 13:1, Matthew 18:16) The Bible says, “Praying always with all prayer and supplication in (to or toward) the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;“ (Ephesians 6:18) Furthermore, the Word of the Lord says, “But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in (to or toward) the Holy Ghost.” (Jude 1:20) (Strong’s G1722) In the prior two verses, we see a repeated command to pray “in the Spirit” or “in the Holy Ghost.” The Bible, specifically the New Testament, was originally written in the Greek language. The King James Version uses the English word “in” in place of the Greek word “ἐν.” (pronounced en) This Greek word means “to or toward.” In other words, these two verses are commanding us to pray to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is our Comforter. (John 14:16) The Bible says that we “have access by one Spirit unto the Father.” (Ephesians 2:18) Let us take comfort in this fact, we have access to the intercessor of Melchisedec, the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Godhead. (Isaiah 61:1, Hebrews 9:14)

Answering Three Objections: Tithe, Nature, the Archangel, and the Holy Spirit

Objection 1:

Melchisedec could not be the Holy Spirit as Abraham paid tithe to Him.

We have already seen evidence that indicates that Melchisedec was not simply more than human, He was the Third Person of the Godhead. However, we must deal with this objection. Moses, writing in the book of Genesis, records a meeting that Abraham, who was still called Abram at this time, had with Melchisedec. (Genesis 14:17-20) Melchisedec in His meeting with Abram bears witness of God and glorifies Him, just as one would expect the Holy Spirit to do. (Genesis 14:18-20, John 15:26, John 16:14) What is puzzling, or seemingly confusing to the reader, is why Abram would pay tithe to Melchisedec if Melchisedec is the Holy Spirit. The answer is simply, Melchisedec was the Holy Spirit in human form, and therefore the Holy Spirit functioned as a human being while He was in that form. The Oxford Dictionary defines the word “form” this way, “a particular way in which a thing exists or appears; a manifestation.” When I use the word “form” I am referring to the manner in which the Holy Spirit chose to reveal Himself. When the Holy Spirit chose to manifest Himself in the form of a dove, He flew much like an ordinary dove would. (Matthew 3:16) When the Holy Spirit decided to manifest Himself in the form of fire during Pentecost, He burned brightly much as a match, campfire, or candlelight would. (Acts 2:3) Even John records Jesus' references, albeit in a more metaphorical sense, to the work of the Holy Spirit being manifested much like wind blowing “where it listeth.” (John 3:8) To return to the initial subject, the Holy Spirit, in the form of a human priest, functioned just as a human priest would, and thus received tithe.

Objection 2:

Melchisedec Could not be the Holy Spirit as He Would have Taken on the Fallen Nature of Mankind.

The Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is not simply called “Spirit” or “Ghost.” The English word “Holy” is a translation of the Greek word “ἅγιος” or hagios (porcnounced hag'-ee-os) (Strong’s G40) The Greek word for “Holy” means, “sacred”, “physically pure”, and even “morally blameless.” Indeed, to suggest for a moment that the Holy Spirit is anything other than “Holy” is tantamount to defiance to God. Regarding the majesty and mystery of the Holy Spirit, Ellen White writes, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit no less, that “The nature of the Holy Spirit is a mystery. Men cannot explain it, because the Lord has not revealed it to them. Men having fanciful views may bring together passages of Scripture and put a human construction on them, but the acceptance of these views will not strengthen the church. Regarding such mysteries, which are too deep for human understanding, silence is golden.” {AA 52.1} The Holy Spirit truly is the “spirit of holiness.” (Romans 1:4) While that may sound like a truism, it cannot be stated clearly enough that the Holy Spirit is divine. The Bible records the fact that there are “seven spirits of God” that surround the throne of God. The number seven represents completion and perfection in the Bible. (Genesis 2:1-4, Psalm 119:164, Exodus 20:8-11) In other words, the Holy Spirit is perfect and complete, with a glorious nature. (Revelation 1:4, 3:1, 4:5, 5:6) I say all this to preface the next few statements. The objection, “Melchisedec could not be the Holy Spirit as He would have taken on the Fallen Nature of Mankind” can be deconstructed using a Reductio Ad Absurdum argument. The Bible states that the Creation, including the animals, plants, and people has been placed under the curse of sin and now has a fallen nature. (Genesis 3:14-24) The Apostle Paul put it this way, “For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.” (Romans 8:22) The Bible also states that at the baptism of Christ the “Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him.” (Luke 3:22) If one wishes to object that the Holy Spirit is Melchisedec because humanity is fallen, one can likewise object, “The dove at the baptism of Christ could not be the Holy Spirit as He would have taken on the fallen nature of the dove.” Since this objection would lead to the absurdity that the Holy Spirit was not the dove that descended on Christ it is rendered invalid.

Objection 3:

How do we know that the “Angel of the Lord” is a Manifestation of Christ and not the Holy Spirit?

This third objection stems from a mistaken belief that if one is to accept that the Holy Spirit is Melchisedec, one will no longer be able to distinguish pre-incarnation appearances of Christ in the Old Testament because, after all, these manifestations of the “Angel of the Lord” may well be the Holy Spirit appearing instead. The Bible indicates that the glory of Christ was revealed in the Old Testament. (John 12:41) In the Old Testament, we find references to an “Angel of God”, “Angel of the Lord”, and “Captain of the Army of the Lord.” (Genesis 21:17, Genesis 22:11, Joshua 5:14) We know that this “Angel” was in fact Divine because this “Angel” does what only a member of the Godhead can do. This Angel delivers Israel supernaturally. (2 Kings 19:14-20, 35, 36) This Angel extends blessings. (Genesis 16:7-12) The confirming evidence that this Angel is Divine is that this Angel grants total pardon, or total forgiveness of sins, something only God can do. (Exodus 23:20-22, Mark 2:7) It is clear then that the phrase “Angel of the Lord” is another title for one of the members of the Godhead. Moses, in the book of Exodus, indicates that it was the Angel of the Lord who guided Israel in the form of a supernatural cloud. (Exodus 14:19) The Apostle Paul, writing to the Corinthians, makes it clear that this supernatural cloud, was Christ leading the Israelites. (1 Corinthians 10:4) The Angel of the Lord, or Christ, is also known as Michael the Archangel. (Zechariah 3:2, Jude 1:9). The Captain of the Lord of Hosts, or the Prince of the Lord of Hosts, is identified as the Angel of the Lord, Michael, and as none other than Jesus Christ. (Joshua 5:13-15, Exodus 23:20-22, Revelation 12:7-12, Revelation 19:10-14, John 1:1) The term “Archangel” is only mentioned twice in the Bible. One mention is a reference to Michael. (Jude 1:9) The other is a clear reference to Jesus Christ. (1 Thessalonians 4:14-16) The Bible says, in the Gospel of John, that it is the voice of the Son of God that will raise the dead. (John 5:25,28) However, the Apostle Paul, writing to the Thessalonians, says that it is the voice of the Archangel that will raise the dead. (1 Thessalonians 4:16). Here we find no contradiction, as the voice of the Son of God is the voice of the Archangel because Michael the Archangel is Christ Jesus. (Daniel 12:1, Daniel 10:21, Daniel 9:25, John 1:41, Isaiah 9:6, Acts 3:14-15, Acts 5L30-31, Revelation 1:5) These points that go along with each of these Scriptures are not fully expressed as this article’s primary purpose is to defend the view that the Holy Spirit is Melchisedec. Two additionally resources are provided at the end of this article dealing with the Scriptural view that Jesus is Michael the Archangel.

Why did the Apostle Paul Mention Melchisedec?

Melchisedec had been briefly mentioned in the book of Genesis. (Genesis 14:18-20) Melchisedec, after hundreds of years passed, is one again mentioned in the book of Psalm by David. (Psalm 110:4) A selection of the Psalms of David are Messianic, or point to Christ or the ministry of Christ, in some manner. (Matthew 22:43) Why, after Melchisedec is only mentioned so briefly in two different places in the Old Testament, does Paul devote so much time to exploring this figure in the book of Hebrews? The reason why Paul brings up the person of Melchisedec is because only the sons of Aaron, or the Levities, could be priests and Christ was of the tribe of Judah, not Levi. (Hebrews 7:11-14, Exodus 6:16-20, Exodus 28:1-4, Exodus 32:26-29, Genesis 49:10, Ruth 4:18-22, Isaiah 11:1, Jeremiah 23:5-6, Micah 5:2, Matthew 1:3-16, Luke 2:23-33, Luke 3:33, Romans 1:3, Romans 2:3, Revelation 5:5, Revelation 22:16) Paul, aware of the fact that Christ cannot be a member of the Levitical priesthood, as He was of Judah, makes it clear that the priesthood of Melchisedec, which Christ is in the order of, both predates and supersedes the Levitical priesthood. (Hebrews 7:1, 9-15, 22) Christ is a priest after the priesthood of the Third Person of the Godhead; Melchisedec, the Holy Spirit, existed from eternity, well before Levi was born! Let us praise God for the fact that we have Christ, the one who sacrificed Himself and has made “intercession for the transgressors.” (Isaiah 53:12) Finally, let us rejoice for we have Melchisedec, the Holy Spirit, and no mere earthly man, to make “intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.” (Romans 8:26)

Additional Resources:



In a video interview, Christopher Sernaque and Bill Hughes presented the view that the man Melchisedec, who appears in the books Genesis, Psalms, the epistle Hebrews, and a few select quotes from Ellen White, is the Third Person of the Godhead, i.e. the Holy Spirit. This view, that the person Melchisedec is the Holy Spirit, was held by Stephen Haskell, a pioneer of the Seventh-day Adventist church and was, at least at one point, advocated by the Adventist Defense League. This position is a view that Christopher Sernaque expressed and takes sole responsibility for. As stated in Christopher’s several follow up article, neither Christ Jesus Ministries, the Bible, Ellen White, or the Seventh-day Adventist church is implicated could it be conclusively proven that the view that Melchisedec is the Holy Spirit is incorrect. There is a multiplicity of views on the subject of the person of Melchisedec. Some believe that Melchisedec was simply a man, others an allegorical figure or symbolic individual. Pastor Doug, of Amazing Facts, personally believes that Melchisedec is Shem, the son of Noah, a view he expressed in his excellent book, “Shadows of Light.”  There are some who suggest that Melchisedec is a Christophany, or appearance of Christ in the Old Testament prior to His incarnation. The official position of Christ Jesus Ministries is that Melchisedec’s identity is not a salvation issue, however, as Melchisedec is a Biblical figure, it is worth taking the time to explore what the Word of God and Inspired Writers have to say on the matter. Ultimately, the most important decision we all must make is whether or not to “Believe on the LORD Jesus Christ…” (Acts 16:31) In the final analysis, Christ Jesus, who is the Truth, will save. (John 14:6)


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